The choice of elliptical trainer for the home
Elliptical trainer – one of the most popular products on the market of sports equipment. Regular classes on it can get rid of excess weight, strengthen the cardiovascular system, increase endurance and improve the tone of the majority of muscles. One of the main advantages of the ellipsoid – it has zero impact on the joints. That is why on such simulators can engage people of different ages with different physical training. In addition, the ellipses are often used in rehabilitation. Classes to remind them skiing.
Elliptical trainers are cardio machines. They can be used to strengthen the heart muscles, improve circulation, get rid of shortness of breath. The user determines the intensity of the load, focusing on their health and wellbeing.
To achieve the desired results, exercise on the elliptical trainer just 2-3 times a week for 30-40 minutes. The load and the training time should be increased gradually. To date, the ellipse – one of the few simulators in the classroom on which work almost all muscle groups. Thus, without the help of other sports equipment, you can strengthen the muscles of the arms, back, chest, belly, thighs, and also calves, and buttocks.
Types of elliptical exercise machines: home, professional, semi-professional
Manufacturers of elliptical trainers offer three types: domestic, semi-professional and professional . Models in each group corresponds to a number of advantages. Home equipment more compact, some have a foldable design . They can be easily moved from room to room. However, a trainer will not withstand the heavy loads of gyms. He quickly fail if working without a break for 12 hours a day.
Design professional ellipsoids are designed to sustain heavy load hours. However, for the house to buy a trainer is impractical. It takes a lot of space, is heavy.
Semi-professional model – a successful attempt to find a middle ground between professional and home exercise equipment. For them characteristic of the optimal weight and size, resistance to heavy loads, reasonable cost. Such a simulator can be used both at home and in fitness clubs, activities on the ellipse is only part of the workout (i.e. it will not be operated continuously).
Types of spheroids: magnetic, magnetic with electronic control and electromagnetic (induction)
Choosing the ellipsoid for home or sports club, be aware that machines of this class are divided into three types: magnetic, magnetic with electronic control and electromagnetic. The main advantage of the first – low price. Magnetic servo and electromagnetic simulators are much more expensive, however they have several advantages that make the class a real pleasure.
Models with magnetic adjustment (in everyday life they are often called mechanical) the simplest, most compact and cheapest. They do not require an energy source, and, therefore, can be used in any conditions. Them is perhaps the only shortcoming – no training programs. The load on these machines is controlled by a round toggle switch. Usually it is located under the monitor (powered by batteries) that shows speed, time, motion, distance, kilocalories expended.
Magnetic ellipsoids with electronic regulation (for them called electromagnetic) have excellent performance characteristics. They offer a variety of training programs. The load is distributed servo (its task is to place the magnets at a certain level from the flywheel) and is controlled by buttons on the monitor. Such models differ from equipment with magnetic adjustment of motion smoothness. However, to work they need the 220V mains.
Electromagnetic induction elliptical trainers allow you to more accurately and quickly set the load, which varies from current. Typically, such equipment is powered from the mains 220V, but sales have and generator models. The lack of electromagnetic ellipsoids – the high price and small range. However, such simulators are not necessary to the ordinary user. They equip rehabilitation centres where high accuracy load. In addition, the electromagnetic elliptical trainers prefer professional athletes.
If we talk about the reliability of the ellipses, then the model has no value. Broken and cannot withstand the load, typically a low-quality equipment. Therefore, it is necessary to give preference to reliable manufacturers.
The location and weight of the flywheel
The location of the flywheel elliptical trainers are divided into front-wheel and rear-wheel drive. The trajectory of such models is somewhat different, but to say that some are much better than others cannot. Here is a personal one. For tall people . generally, it is useful to engage the rear wheel drive ellipsoids. Choosing front-wheel trainer, they should give preference to models with a pitch of not less than 51 cm and a length of the base 190-200 cm Workout on the elliptical with the length of the base 170 cm can cause knee pain.
Another important parameter – the weight of the flywheel. What it is, the better inertia. However, the majority of the manufacturers today prefer to specify the net weight and the equivalent weight of rotation. Some even inflate this setting, for example, a flywheel simulator weighing 55 kg can not weigh 20-25 kg. In this case, the reliability of the Assembly (first frame) would cause serious doubts. Also note that to create the necessary load can electromagnetic field. Then the weight of the flywheel does not matter.
The value of the stride length
One of the most important parameters – step length. If you ignore it, then even a great trainer can deliver a lot of inconvenience. Tall people should pay attention on the model front-wheel drive with a stride length of 51 cm (they are most often equipped gyms) and rear-wheel drive with the step length from 46 to 48 cm
Low people are comfortable studying on the ellipsoids with any length of step (33, 40, 45-51). However, for them it is inconvenient rear-wheel drive models with a high Q-factor (distance between pedals). So better to give preference to front-drive elliptical trainers. Their advantages: low Q-factor, most models have a ramp to change the stride length and adjust the angle of inclination. This allows you to add variety to a workout and also to change the degree and nature of impacts on different groups of muscles. To do on such a simulator will be comfortable to the user of any height.
Highlights of elliptical trainers with a step length 33 see Them often prefer because of its compact size. However, this simulator is suitable only for low people. Furthermore, it should be borne in mind that the course of this step will not “ski” and “Cycling”.
To avoid the so-called “velosipednoi”, you must purchase the model with the step length from 39 cm. Regarding the dimensions, the sale today is a fairly large selection of modern elliptical trainers, which are compact and have a stride length of up to 52 cm
Maximum allowable user weight
When purchasing an elliptical trainer for the home or sports club, you shouldn’t pay attention to the maximum weight of the user. Moreover, from the data declared by the manufacturer, should take 20-30 kg if you wish to ellipsoid served for a really long time.
For halls usually recommended to take the trainers with a maximum user weight of 200 kg. If the ellipsoid is purchased for the home, be aware of the weight of all family members (even those of today do not wish to do it, because after a while their needs may change) and, of course, not to forget about the stock.
Control training on the ellipsoid is performed by means of the monitor. Affordable models it is simple, reflects the basic parameters and allows you to specify the program (if the simulator has ones). Ellipsoids premium equipped with multi-monitors with touch screens. With their help it is possible not only to control the workout, but also play videos and hold joint sessions with opponents on the Internet and make a virtual workout.
If to the user’s health is extremely important to control the heart rate during exercising, then the choice of elliptical trainer also should be treated more carefully. Today there are models with heart rate sensors on stationary (which is not very convenient) and moving (quite rare) the handrails. However, the error is quite large – up to 30% causes: pollution, sweaty hands, movement. Therefore it is better to use a wireless lapel cardiopatas. His error from the ECG is only 2-3%.