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The beneficial properties of artichoke

The article describes the origin, composition and useful properties of the Jerusalem artichoke, the potential impact of its use.

The name “Jerusalem artichoke” is associated with the name of an Indian tribe tupinamba, on land which for the first time the Europeans discovered this tuberous plant. But the name “Jerusalem artichoke” was not common until the nineteenth century. In the Portuguese language more close relative ground pear – sunflower – called girasole. It is the genus of this plant is Heliánthus tuberósus, aka Jerusalem artichokes, called by the Portuguese

“sunflower artichoke (artichoke and Jerusalem artichoke are really distant relatives). Outside Portugal, the word girasole turned into jerusaule and so the artichoke became the “Jerusalem artichoke”. Most Europeans simply do not understand that has to do with the relative of a well-known sunflower. When the Portuguese and the Spanish had brought to Europe from America, Jerusalem artichoke, the Europeans, because of the similarity of the flowers and tubers generally agreed that it is a variety of potato. In Russia, as in some other countries, appeared in the XVII century on the tables of the nobility as healthy eating Jerusalem artichoke due to the shape of tubers called “ground pear”.

Although it quickly became clear that the Jerusalem artichoke is not a potato, the analogy with other native edible tubers more than once affected the attitude to ground pear. So, in the 1930-ies in the USSR, it was decided to actively sow the fields of the artichoke for its beneficial health properties and nutritional value. But it turned out that dug the tubers of Jerusalem artichoke should be looked after more carefully than the fries. At the slightest damage “ground pear” spoiled and store them in warehouses like potatoes. Nevertheless, the experiment with the Jerusalem artichoke has played a positive role in the tragic moment of national history: the war and postwar period, many peasant families were saved from starvation thanks found tubers of this unpretentious and surprisingly resistant to cold climate crops.

Today, Jerusalem artichoke is cultivated and cultivated primarily for its medicinal properties and qualities. The Jerusalem artichoke healthier beets, carrots and potatoes together.

Due to the content of vitamins b and C, minerals, carbohydrates, proteins, folic acid, pectin, and especially of the polysaccharide inulin Jerusalem artichoke is a large energy value for the human body. It is a nutritious source of nutrients and thus it is a dietary product that is safe for people with tendency to be overweight and diabetes. Moreover, to decrease in blood glucose, while maintaining the energy balance of the body, the juice and the tubers of Jerusalem artichoke specially recommended food for diabetics.

Contained in the Jerusalem artichoke pectin help cleanse toxins and reduce the risk of atherosclerosis. The presence of silicon in ground pear is very useful for the formation and strengthening of connective tissues in the human body, as silicon has a beneficial effect on the process of formation of collagen. As for the juice of Jerusalem artichoke, it stimulates the removal of toxins and toxic substances, improves metabolism and digestion, and thanks to its properties is used both folk and official medicine for the prevention of cardiovascular, renal, endocrinological and gastroenterological diseases. The Jerusalem artichoke is useful in rheumatism, gout, arthritis, liver disease and, finally, it simply boosts the immune system.

The traditional form of the use of Jerusalem artichoke – gastronomic, in the form of a standalone course or as part of salads, soups, combined garnishes and so on. Raw tubers earthen pears can also be eaten, but it is fraught with flatulence. Modern medicine is also increasingly uses the Jerusalem artichoke for the manufacture of pharmaceutical drugs and natural tinctures, powders and mixtures. You can breed this plant and on their own, especially given its simplicity. But it is important to remember that to keep the tubers of Jerusalem artichoke is much more difficult than to grow, so fresh “Jerusalem artichokes” it is better to recycle or use for food.