Body Effect Exercise Muscle Special sport Training

Biochemistry of muscle activity

In the textbook fundamentals of General biochemistry and biochemistry of muscle activity of the human body, describes the chemical structure and metabolism of the most important substances of the body, describes their role in providing muscular activity. The biochemical aspects of the processes of muscle contraction and mechanisms of energy production in the muscles, patterns of development of motor qualities, processes, fatigue, recovery, adaptation, as well as a balanced diet and diagnostics of the

functional state of athletes. For students and teachers of higher and secondary educational institutions of physical education and sports, specialists in physical rehabilitation and recreation.

Information about the book:

Part one. Biochemical basis of the life of the human body

Chapter 1. Introduction to biochemistry

1. The subject and research methods biochemistry

2. The history of the development of biochemistry and the formation of the biochemistry of sport

3. The chemical structure of the human body

Chapter 4. The exchange of water and minerals

3. Chemical nature of hormones

4. Regulation of biosynthesis of hormones

5. The mechanism of action of hormones

6. Biological role of hormones

7. The role of hormones in muscular activity

Chapter 9. Biochemistry of carbohydrates

1. Chemical composition and biological role of carbohydrates

2. Characteristic classes of carbohydrates

3. Exchange carbohydrates in human body

4. The breakdown of carbohydrates during digestion and absorption into the blood

5. The level of blood glucose and its regulation

6. Intracellular metabolism of carbohydrates

7. Carbohydrate metabolism during muscular activity

Control questions

Chapter 10. Biochemistry of lipids

1. Chemical composition and biological role of lipids

2. Characteristic classes of lipids

3. The metabolism of fats in the body

4. The breakdown of fat during digestion and absorption

5. Intracellular metabolism of fats

3. Structural organization of proteins

5. Characterization of individual proteins involved in muscular work

6. Available peptides and their role in the body

7. The metabolism of proteins in the body

8. The breakdown of proteins in the digestion process and absorption of amino acids

Chapter 13. Integration and regulation of metabolism – biochemical basis of adaptation processes

1. Interconversion of carbohydrates, fats and proteins

2. The regulatory system of metabolism and their role in adaptation of the organism to physical stress

Part two. Biochemistry of sport

Chapter 14. Biochemistry of muscles and muscle contraction

1. Types of muscles and muscle fibers

2. Structural organization of muscle fibers

3. The chemical composition of muscle tissue

4. Structural and biochemical changes in muscle during contraction and relaxation

5. The molecular mechanism of muscle contraction

Control questions

Chapter 15. Bioenergetics of muscle activity

1. Overview of the mechanism of energy production

2. Creatinphosphokinase the mechanism of ATP resynthesis

3. Glycolytically the mechanism of ATP resynthesis

4. Miakinsky the mechanism of ATP resynthesis

5. Aerobic mechanism of ATP resynthesis

6. The connection of energy systems at various physical activities and their adaptation during training

Control questions

Chapter 16. Biohimicheskie changes in the body during exercise of varying power and duration

1. The overall thrust of the changes in biochemical processes during muscular activity

2. Oxygen transport to working muscles and its consumption during muscular activity

3. Biochemical changes in individual organs and tissues during muscular work

4. Classification of physical exercises on the nature of the biochemical changes during muscular work

Control questions

Chapter 17. Biochemical factors of fatigue

1. Biochemical factors of fatigue when performing intermittent exercise of maximal and submaximal power

2. Biochemical factors of fatigue when performing prolonged exercise large and moderate power

Control questions

Chapter 18. Biochemical characterization of the recovery processes during muscular activity

1. Dynamics of biochemical processes of recovery after muscular work

2. The sequence of restoration of energy reserves after muscular work

3. The removal of decay products in the rest period after muscular work

4. The use of flow characteristics of the recovery processes when you build a sports training

Control questions

Chapter 19. Biochemical factors for athletic performance

1. Factors limiting exercise performance person

3. The influence of training on the performance of athletes

4. Age and athletic performance

Chapter 21. Biochemical bases of endurance athletes

1. Biochemical factors of endurance

2. Training methods that contribute to the development of endurance

Chapter 22. Regularities of biochemical adaptation in the process of sports training

1. Physical activity, adaptation and training effect

2. Regularities of development of biochemical adaptation and the principles of training

3. The specificity of adaptive changes in the body during training

4. The reversibility of adaptive changes in training

5. A sequence of adaptive changes during workout

Chapter 23. Biochemical bases of nutrition athletes

1. The principles of rational nutrition of athletes

2. The power consumption of the organism and its dependence on the work to be performed

3. The nutrient balance in an athlete’s diet

4. The role of individual chemical components of food in providing muscular activity

5. Food additives and regulation of body weight

Control questions

Chapter 24. Biochemical control in sport

1. Tasks, types and organization of biochemical control

2. The objects of study and the main biochemical parameters

5. Biochemical monitoring of the level of fitness, fatigue and recovery of an athlete

6. The control of doping in sport