Asthma under control
Asthma under control
What is bronchial asthma
Bronchial asthma is a disease in which the bronchial tubes is inflammation, often allergic, arising in response to the ingestion of the allergen in the respiratory tract. I start to activate the various cells reacting to the allergen.
This is observed in people who are predisposed to allergic reactions. As a result, the cells release substances that cause well-known changes in the
bronchi — bronchospasm, edema of the bronchial wall, the secretion of viscous mucus.
Hence the main symptoms of the disease — shortness of breath, choking, coughing, bad exhaust phlegm.
Power attacks can range from cough and difficulty breathing to suffocation
congestion in the chest
nocturnal awakening due to coughing or difficulty breathing
We emphasize that the inflammation underlying asthma was not associated with any organism, it nemikrobnoy process which, consequently, are not treated with antibiotics.
To get ill with bronchial asthma, you need a predisposition to allergic disease. Most clearly visible such disposition, when bronchial asthma is transferred to family members from mother to son, from grandmother to granddaughter. In any case, it is considered that the development of asthma necessary genetic characteristics of the organism in which the normal surrounding every day human substance — house dust, pollen from trees and grasses, animal hair become allergens, that is, enemies to the human body.
Bronchial asthma is a serious disease, but, despite this, is treatable if it started on time and correctly. People suffering from asthma, receiving modern treatment, can be completely free of symptoms of the disease, its operability and physical capabilities will not be violated.
The question is often asked: is it possible to completely recover from the disease? Unfortunately, as already mentioned, asthma has a genetic basis, influence which is not yet found. Therefore, predisposition will stay with the person for life. However, repeat that-a temporary treatment is able to force a retreat asthma symptoms.
How to measure the disease
To measure the disease, there is a special device called a peak flow meter. It measures the maximum speed at which a person can exhale of his breath.
Every day in the morning and in the evening be sure to monitor peak expiratory flow rate using the peak flow meter and record his testimony in a peak flow diary.
How to control asthma
Peak expiratory flow rate depends on how much the narrowed bronchi. So, with the help of peak flow, you can determine the condition of the disease – well it is treatable or not, there comes a deterioration or improvement, as there are different circumstances on the breath.
If You are together with your doctor has determined normal maximum expiratory flow, we can always determine the peak flow is the beginning of the acute illness. Turning to the doctor and taking the right medicine, You will always be ahead of your asthma and not allow themselves to win.
How to avoid asthma attacks
So, bronchial asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by periodic contraction of the bronchi . What is the causes (triggers) of such contraction, or, to put it another way, an asthma attack? Such a lot of reasons. Among them are allergic, such as house dust, dander, cats, tree pollen, and non-allergic causes, such as cold air, exercise, stress, etc. an Allergy is a genetically determined condition in which the body in response to exposure to allergens (house dust, pet hair, etc.) produces excessive amounts of specific nutrients. Examples of allergic reactions are hay fever, urticaria, asthma attack, inhalation of pollen, dust. After contact with the allergen in the bronchi occurs a chain reaction occurs and a panic attack.
Try to answer the question: what allergens cause asthma attack You? This is very important because one of the main tasks of a person suffering from asthma, not to meet with the allergen. Allergens are divided into four main groups — pollen, domestic, epidermal, and food. To pollen allergens include pollen (grasses, shrubs, trees). To household allergens in the first place is home and library dust. The main allergic component of house dust — mite home. It is invisible to the eye, but its content in house dust is huge. Homemade mite lives in a feather pillows, woolen blankets, carpets, upholstered furniture in General in all that dust. Epidermal allergens are dander and fur animals (dogs, cats, horses, etc.). Food Allergy is a frequent cause of asthma attacks.
Cold, infection, strong odors, stress are not allergens. However, these factors also cause an asthma attack. The fact that bronchial asthma is a constant companion — the hyperreactivity of the Airways . specifically, the ability of the bronchial tree to respond by narrowing the impact of many stimuli. The doctors found that the fight hyperresponsiveness need the same drugs that treat allergic inflammation in the bronchi.
How to deal with Allergy and hyperreactivity? The first thing is to try to reduce the concentration of allergen or not to meet with him. How to prevent household allergies? Prevention includes: daily wet cleaning, airing out the apartment, getting rid of things that accumulate dust, soft furniture, carpets, heavy curtains, glazing bookshelves, etc. it is Desirable that the cleaning was not done by the patient with asthma, and the members of his family or for him to do it in a wet mask. Recommend the use of modern powerful vacuum cleaners. If you are allergic to the epidermis are not allowed to have Pets. To the question: “is it Possible for a person with asthma to have a house cat, if you are allergic to the dog?” asthma patients often respond “Yes”. Wrong! And how? It is important to know that bronchial asthma is expanding the range of allergens.
Avoid factors that cause asthma attacks
Follow the doctor’s advice on breathing exercises, physical exercise, quenched
For example, to allergies on the epidermis of animals may eventually join an Allergy to house dust and Vice versa.
We therefore strongly against allowed under existing allergies to any animal and house dust. With pollen Allergy, it is important to know the calendar of flowering plants and to take steps to avoid contact with allergens and do not go into the forest, on a meadow, in certain months to adhere to the urban lifestyle, in the month of flowering rasteryalsya to go on holiday etc. If you are allergic to foodstuffs it is necessary to create individual diets, the study of the gastrointestinal tract, treatment of dysbiosis, starvation in the hospital to detect allergenic product.
Because they suffer from asthma all the time surrounded by allergens (for example, you can’t completely get rid of house dust), then he needs to protect them from their bronchi. Especially for this group was set up highly effective medications. These drugs inhibit allergic inflammation in the bronchial tree and therefore must be taken continuously. Detailed story on these drugs below.
Great importance for the prevention of asthma attacks are breathing exercises, cyclic kinds of physical training and hardening.
Breathing exercises aimed at improving the functionality of the respiratory system by, first of all, recovery free and economical breathing.
To cyclic kind of physical exercise include running, Jogging, swimming, etc. At the present time on this question, we can unequivocally say: the patient with bronchial asthma in remission of the disease not only can but must exercise. For the development of General endurance use dosed walking, Jogging at a slow pace and a mixed movement (walk—run—walk). With the development of adaptation to physical loads significantly increase the capabilities of various systems of the body, there is an improvement of the physiological mechanisms. With the increase of fitness significantly improve the quality of life of patients with bronchial asthma.
Hardening is the training of the physiological mechanisms of adaptation by periodically repeated with increasing intensity of stimulation of the skin. Water with a temperature of 33°C is felt as indifferent, 23°C and as cool 13°C — cold. Water with a temperature below 23°C has an irritating effect on the body responds by changing the intensity of the processes of thermoregulation and physiological mechanisms of adaptation. Under the influence of cooling, the heat generation processes in the body are accelerated, intensive exposure to cold stimulates the function of the adrenals and thyroid.
In the existing programmes of hardening assumes a slow decline in water temperature, the timing to achieve thermal adaptation is so stretched that they can’t provide hardening patients with asthma, as during this time there comes an exacerbation of the disease. For patients with asthma there is a special technique involving rapid quenching in cold water.
Instructions for use of the inhaler
1. Remove the cap
2.Hold the inhaler around the base and twist the mouthpiece in the direction of the arrow.
3.Place the capsule in a cell, located at the base of the inhaler (it has the shape of capsules). Remember, remove the capsule from the blister pack immediately before inhalation.